Assessment of arsenic toxicity in spiked soils and water solutions by the use of bioassays .


Arsenic (As) has become a serious environmental problem due to its extensive use and its potential high toxicity. Furthermore, it tends to accumulate in soils because of its low mobility in this medium. In this study, an assessment of potential As toxicity based on bioassays with Vibrio fischeri and Lactuca sativa was made in soil and water solutions of laboratory-contaminated samples. Soils spiked with 100 ppm of arsenic registered a reduction in As solubility in the soil solution over time, while for the longest incubation periods (8 weeks), the toxicity responses in all of the samples proved negligible for these bioassays. In spiked water solutions with increasing concentrations (0, 0.1, 1, 10, 12.5, 25, 50, and100 ppm As), significant reductions in root elongation and luminescence were found in lettuce and bacteria bioassays, respectively. The effective concentrations (EC50) of As were 1.52 ppm for L. sativa and 4.98 ppm for V. fischeri; this indicated that the L. sativa bioassay was more sensitive to arsenic concentrations in spiked solutions.
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