DOI:https://doi.org/10.3232/SJSS.2013.V3.N1.03

Phosphorus availability in the central area of the Argentine Pampean region. 1: Relationship between soil parameters, adsorption processes and wheat, soybean and corn yields in different soil and management environments .

Martín M. Silva Rossi, Omar A. Bachmeier, Adriana Ana del Carmen Rollán

Abstract

Retention of phosphorus in the soil solid phase is a complex process, caused by a combination of physical and chemical mechanisms that determine pools of compounds with different degrees of solubility. The amount of P available in a given pool can be associated with the adsorption maximum proposed by the Langmuir isotherm model, and with the energy with which it is retained. The aims of this work were: i) to evaluate the impact of the fertilization history and soil type on phosphorus adsorption parameters, and ii) to analyze the effect of soil properties, mainly the phosphorus adsorption parameters, on the yield of wheat, soybean and corn crops. In this study we established that the Bray & Kurtz 1 extractant is insufficiently sensitive for assessing changes in the nutrient availability when phosphorous concentrations are relatively low. The amount of phosphorus retained in the labile pool and its retention energy, however, are sensitive indicators of the availability of this nutrient. These indexes explain most of the variations in crop yields, and are determined more by P fertilization management than by soil type.
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