DOI:https://doi.org/10.3232/SJSS.2018.V8.N1.08

Use of marble sludge and biochar to improve soil water retention capacity

Jerónimo Salinas, Inés García, Fernando del Moral, Mariano Simón

Abstract

Agriculture and mining are the most important economic activities in the province of Almería (SE Spain) and generate large amounts of waste. Almería is one of the driest regions in Europe, and its water resources come mainly from groundwater. The high water consumption of greenhouses (between 5000 and 6000 m3 ha-1 y-1) has resulted in a sharp decline of water table levels and a worsening of water quality. Therefore, it is necessary to implement actions that lead to the more efficient use of irrigation water. The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of two waste types (marble sludge and biochar from greenhouse plant debris) on the soil water holding capacity. Three treatments were performed in pots using two of the most common soils in greenhouses. A lettuce seedling was planted in each pot, and the volumetric water content was periodically controlled. The first treatment contained 600 g of soil, the second treatment contained 200 g of marble sludge at the bottom and 400 g of soil on the surface, and the third treatment contained 150 g of marble sludge at the bottom, 50 g of biochar in the middle and 400 g of soil on the surface. The results showed that the use of marble sludge, biochar and the combination of both waste types increased water holding capacity. The volumetric water content was relatively high for a longer time, allowing for a reduction in watering frequency and enabling more efficient water use. The waste applications were most effective in the soil with a thicker texture and lower evaporation rate.

Views: 429
Downloads PDF: 307

 

References


Ajayi AE, Holthusen D, Horn R. 2016. Changes in microstructural behaviour and hydraulic functions of biochar amended soils. Soil Till Res. 155:166-175. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0167198715300052.

Bruun EW, Petersen CT, Hansen E, Holm JK, Hauggard-Nielsen H. 2014. Biochar amendment to coarse sandy subsoil improves root growth and increases water retention. Soil Use Manage. 30:109-118. http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/sum.12102/full.

Castellini M, Giglio L, Niedda M, Palumbo AD, Ventrella D. 2015. Impact of biochar addition on the physical and hydraulic properties of a clay soil. Soil Till Res. 154:1-13. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0167198715001336.

Céspedes AJ, García MC, Pérez JJ, Cuadrado IA. 2009. Caracterización de la explotación hortícola protegida de Almería. FIAPA. Almería: Fundación Cajamar. http://www.publicacionescajamar.es/pdf/series-tematicas/centros-experimentales-las-palmerillas/caracterizacion-de-la-explotacion.pdf.

Estadística Minera de España. 2013. [Internet] Ministerio de Industria, Energía y Turismo. Gobierno de España; c2013 [modified 2015 Oct 27; cited 2016 Dic 12]. Available from: http://www.minetad.gob.es/energia/mineria/Estadistica/2013/anual%202013.pdf.

Gardner WH. 1965. Water content. In: Black CA, editor. Methods of Soil Analysis. Madison, WI: American Society of Agronomy. p. 82-127.

Gaskin JW, Steiner C, Harris K, Das KC, Bibens B. 2008. Effect of low-temperature pyrolysis conditions on biochar for agricultural use. American Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers 51:2061-2069. http://elibrary.asabe.org/abstract.asp?aid=25409.

Gómez F, de Haro S, Delgado IC, Simón M. 2015. Using marble sludge increases the success of dump deposit restoration under Mediterranean climate. Ecol Eng. 84:305-310. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0925857415301695.

Haider G, Koyro HW, Azam F, Steffens D, Müller C, Kammann C. 2015. Biochar but not humic acid product amendment affected maize yields via improving plant-soil moisture relations. Plant Soil 395:141-157. http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s11104-014-2294-3.

Laird DA, Fleming P, Davis DD, Horton R, Wang B, Karlen DL. 2010. Impact of biochar amendments on the quality of a typical midwestern agricultural soil. Geoderma 158:443-449. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S001670611000176X.

Loveland PJ, Whalley WR. 1991. Particle size analysis. In: Smith KA, Mullis CE, editors. Soil analysis: Physical methods. New York: Marcel Dekker. p. 271-328.

Molina-Sánchez L, Sánchez-Martos F, Daniele L, Vallejos A, Pulido-Bosch A. 2015. Interaction of aquifer-wetland in a zone of intensive agriculture: the case of Campo de Dalías (Almería, SE Spain). Environ Earth Sci. 73:2869-2880. http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s12665-014-3260-3.

Obia A, Mulder J, Martinsen V, Cornelissen G, Børresen T. 2016. In situ effects of biochar on aggregation, water retention and porosity in light-textured tropical soils. Soil Till Res. 155:35-44. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0167198715001798.

Olmo M, Villar R, Salazar P, Alburquerque JA. 2016. Changes in soil nutrient availability explain biochar´s impact on wheat root development. Plant Soil 399:333- 343. http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s11104-015-2700-5.

Omondi MO, Xia X, Nahayo A, Liu X, Korai PK, Pan G. 2016. Quantification of biochar effects on soil hydrological properties using meta-analysis of literature data. Geoderma 274:28-34. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0016706116301471.

Pulido-Bosch A, Navarrete F, Molina L, Martínez-Vidal JL. 1992. Quantity and quality of groundwater in the Campo de Dalías (Almería, SE Spain). Water Sci Technol. 24:87-96. http://wst.iwaponline.com/content/24/11/87.

Sánchez-Martos F, Pulido-Bosch A, Calaforra JM. 1999. Hydrogeochemical processes in an arid region of Europe (Almería, SE Spain). Appl Geochem. 14:735-745. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0883292798000948.

Simón M, Del Moral F, de Haro S, Gómez F. 2014. Restoration of dump deposits from quarries in a Mediterranean climate using marble industry waste. Ecol Eng. 71:94-100. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0925857414003292.

Sohi S, López-Capel E, Krull E, Bol R. 2009. Biochar´s roles in soil and climate change: A review of research needs. CSIRO Land and Water Science Report 05/09. 64 p. http://www.feasta.org/wp-content/uploads/2009/03/csiro-biochar-climate-change-and-soil-report-feb-20091.pdf.

Tolón A, Lastra X. 2010. La agricultura intensiva del poniente almeriense. Diagnóstico e instrumentos de gestión ambiental. Revista Electrónica de Medio Ambiente 8:18-40. https://www.ucm.es/data/cont/media/www/pag-41214/tolonlastraponientealmeriense.pdf [cited 2016 Dic 16].

Ulyett J, Sakrabani M, Kibblewhite M, Hann M. 2014. Impact of biochar addition on water retention, nitrification and carbon dioxide evolution from two sandy loam soils. Eur J Soil Sci. 65:96-104. http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/ejss.12081/abstract.

Valera D, Belmonte L, Molina F, López A. 2014. Los invernaderos de Almería. Análisis de su tecnología y rentabilidad. Almería: Cajamar Caja Rural. http://www.publicacionescajamar.es/series-tematicas/economia/los-invernaderos-de-almeria-analisis-de-su-tecnologia-y-rentabilidad/.

Vaughn SF, Dan Dinelli F, Tisserat B, Joshee N, Vaughan MM, Peterson SC. 2015. Creeping bentgrass growth in sand-based root zones with or without biochar. Sci Hortic. 197:592-596. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0304423815302508.

Williams DE. 1948. A rapid manometric method for determination of carbonate in soil. Soil Sci Soc Am Pro. 13:127-129.

Xu G, Lv Y, Sun J, Shao H, Wei L. 2012. Recent advances in biochar applications in agricultural soils: benefits and environmental implications. Clean-Soil, Air, Water 40:1093-1098. http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/clen.201100738/epdf.





With the patronage of
Universia
Avda. de Cantabria, s/n - 28660, Boadilla del Monte
Madrid, España