DOI:https://doi.org/10.3232/SJSS.2019.V9.N2.01

Soil carbon content and its stratification at the medium-term (5 and 8 years) in a semi-arid vineyard with cover crops

Fernando Peregrina

Abstract

There is little information available on the evolution and stratification of soil C content (SCC) at the medium- to long-term in semiarid vineyards with cover crops. The objective was to determine SCC at different depths in the medium term (5 and 8 years) in a semiarid vineyard with different cover crops. The field experiment was conducted on Typic Haploxerept soil with a loam texture, pH 8.2, situated in a vineyard (cv. Tempranillo) located in the La Rioja region (northeast Spain) on Miocene sandstones, siltstones, clays and marlstones. Two different soil managements were evaluated: conventional tillage (CT) and continuous cover crop of resident vegetation (RV). Soil samples were collected from four soil layers (at depths of 0-2.5, 2.5-5, 5-15, and 15-25 cm) in June 2009 and June 2012, 5 and 8 years respectively after cover crop establishment. The SCC was determined and the SCC variation with respect to tillage treatment was determined considering the percentage of soil < 2 mm and soil bulk density. The results showed that the greatest increase in SCC occurred at 0-2.5 cm soil depth, increasing less with depth. The SCC annual increment in the whole soil sampled (0-25 cm) was 2.78 Mg C ha-1 year-1 after 5 years and decreased to 1.98 Mg C ha-1 year-1 after 8 years of cover crop establishment. The lower SCC annual increase was not due to the maximum increase being reached in the whole of the sampled soil (0-25 cm). From 2009 to 2012, the SCC did not increase at the soil surface (0-2.5 cm), but did so in the subsurface zone (2.5-5 cm), although with an annual increment lower than that found at soil surface (0-2.5 cm). In conclusion, the steady state in SCC would not have been reached in the medium term (8 years) under cover crop, since there is still a increment of SCC in the subsurface layers.

Views: 174
Downloads PDF: 85

 

References


Franzluebbers AJ, Stuedemann JA, Wilkinson SR. 2001. Bermudagrass management in the Southern Piedmont USA: I. Soil and surface residue carbon and sulphur. Soil Sci Soc Am J. 65:834-841.

Grossman RB, Reisnch TG. 2002. Bulk density and linear extensibility. In: Dale JH, Topp GC, editors. Methods of soil analysis. Part 4. Physical methods. Book Ser. 5. Madison, WI: SSSA. p. 208-228.

Hernanz JL, Sanchez-Girón V, Navarrete L. 2009. Soil carbon sequestration and stratification in a cereal/leguminous crop rotation with three tillage systems in semiarid conditions. Agr Ecosys Environ. 133:114-122.

Lal R. 2004. Soil carbon sequestration to mitigate climate change. Geoderma 123:1-22.

Nelson DW, Sommers LE. 1982. Total carbon, organic carbon, and organic matter. In: Page AL et al., editors. Methods of soil analysis. Part 2. Madison, WI: ASA and SSSA. p. 539-594.

Pardo G, Prado A del, Martínez-Mena M, Bustamante MA, Rodríguez Martín JA, Álvaro-Fuentes J, Moral R. 2017. Orchard and horticulture systems in Spanish Mediterranean coastal areas: Is there a real possibility to contribute to C sequestration? Agr Ecosys Environ. 238:153-167.

Peregrina F. 2016. Surface soil properties influence carbon oxide pulses after precipitation events in a semiarid vineyard under conventional tillage and cover crops. Pedosphere 26(4): 499-509.

Peregrina F, López D, Zaballa O, Villar MT, González G, García-Escudero E. 2010a. Soil quality of vineyards in the Origin Denomination Rioja: Index of overcrusting risk (FAO-PNUMA), content of organic carbon and relation with soil fertility. Rev Cienc Agrarias 33:338-345.

Peregrina F, Larrieta C, Ibáñez S, García-Escudero E. 2010b. Labile organic matter, aggregates, and stratification ratios in a semiarid vineyard with cover crops. Soil Sci Soc Am J. 74: 2120-2130.

Peregrina F, Pérez‐Álvarez E P, García‐Escudero E. 2014a. Soil microbiological properties and its stratification ratios for soil quality assessment under different cover crop management systems in a semiarid vineyard. J Plant Nutr Soil Sci. 177: 548-559. doi:10.1002/jpln.201300371.

Peregrina F, Pérez-Álvarez EP, García-Escudero E. 2014b. The short term influence of aboveground biomass cover crops on C sequestration and β–glucosidase in a vineyard ground under semiarid conditions. Span J Agric Res. 12(4):1000-1007.

Pérez-Álvarez EP, Garde-Cerdán T, Santamaría P, García-Escudero E, Peregrina F. 2015 Influence of two different cover crops on soil N availability, N nutritional status, and grape yeast-assimilable N (YAN) in a cv. Tempranillo vineyard. Plant Soil 390(1-2):143-156.

Reeves DW. 1997. The role of soil organic matter in maintaining soil quality in continuous cropping systems. Soil Till Res. 43:131-167.

Soil Survey Staff. 2014. Keys to Soil Taxonomy. 12th ed. Washington, DC: USDA-Natural Resources Conservation Service.

Statgraphics Plus for Windows. 1998. User manual. Version 4. Manugistics. Rockville, MD: Standard ed.

UNESCO. 1979. Map of the World Distribution of Arid Regions. Map at scale 1:25,000,000 with explanatory note. Paris: UNESCO.

Vicente-Vicente JL, García-Ruiz R, Francaviglia R, Aguilera E, Smith P. 2016 Soil carbon sequestration rates under Mediterranean woody crops using recommended management practices: A meta-analysis. Agr Ecosys Environ. 235:204-214.





With the patronage of
Universia
Avda. de Cantabria, s/n - 28660, Boadilla del Monte
Madrid, España