DOI:https://doi.org/10.3232/SJSS.2019.V9.N2.05

Land degradation vulnerability assessment based on land use changes and FAO suitability analysis in Jordan

Zeyad Mufadi Makhamreh

Abstract

The objective of this research was to investigate the pattern of land use change and its impact on land degradation in the Mediterranean regions of Jordan. Land use was interpreted using aerial photos and high-resolution satellite images and fieldwork carried out in 2018. Assessment of the degradation vulnerability degree was based on comparing the current land use with the potential suitability of the land by using FAO framework and spatial analysis techniques. The pattern of land use change from 1958 to 2018 showed that the area of rangeland and field crops declined by 16.1%, and 13.5% respectively; while the potential suitability for land utilization showed that 80% of the catchment is highly suitable for forest and rangeland in classes S1 and S2 respectively. The degree of vulnerability for land degradation under the current land use was assessed based on the erosion hazard, slope percent, and soil depth. The highest vulnerability class represents 10%, the medium vulnerability class covers 24%, the slightly moderate vulnerability class covers 31%, and the low vulnerability class consists of about 22% of the catchment area. In summary, the main constraints contributing to land degradation are improper land use by cultivation under high erosion hazard and slope degree followed by shallow soil depth.

Views: 109
Downloads PDF: 121

 

References


Abu Sirhan A, Taimah A, Ziadat F. 2015. Land use planning for sustainable urban developments and long-term availability of agricultural land. Jordan Journal of Agricultural Sciences 11(4):943-957.

Aburas M, Abdullah S, Ramli M, Asha’aria Z. 2017. Land suitability analysis of urban growth in Seremban Malaysia using GIS based analytical hierarchy process. Procedia Engineering 198:1128-1136.

Aburas M, Sabrina Ho Abdullah S, Ramli M, Ash'aari Z. 2015. A review of land suitability analysis for urban growth by using the GIS-based analytic hierarchy process. Asian Journal of Applied Sciences 3(6):869-876.

Alkharabsheha M, Alexandridisa T, Bilasb G, Misopolinosb N, Silleosa N. 2013. Impact of land cover change on soil erosion hazard in northern Jordan using remote sensing and GIS. Procedia Environmental Sciences 19:912-921.

Ariti A, van Vliet J, Verburg P. 2015. Land-use and land-cover changes in the central Rift Valley of Ethiopia: assessment of perception and adaptation of stakeholders. Applied Geography 65:28-37.

Bagdanaviciute I, Valiunas J. 2013. GIS-based land suitability analysis integrating multi-criteria evaluation for the allocation of potential pollution sources. Environ Earth Sci. 68:1797-1812.

Bagheri M, Sulaiman W, Vaghefi N. 2013. Application of geographic information system technique and analytical hierarchy process model for land-use suitability analysis on coastal area. J Coast Conserv. 17:1-10. DOI:10.1007/s11852-012-0213-4.

Bernhard L, Schmidt M. 2007. Past and present desertification in the context of climate change: Case study from Jordan. Forum der Forschung 20/2007:85-88.

Bhaskar B, Bobade S, Gaikwad S, Sarkar D, Anantwar S, Bhattacharvya T. 2015. Soil informatics for agricultural land suitability assessment in Seoni district, Madhya Pradesh, India. Indian J Agric Res. 49(4): 315-320.

Choudhury BU, Fiyaz AR, Mohapatra KP, Ngachan S. 2016. Impact of land uses, agrophysical variables and altitudinal gradient on soil organic carbon concentration of North-Eastern Himalayan region of India. Land Degrad Dev. 27(4):1163-1174. DOI:10.1002/ldr.2338.

De la Rosa, Diepen CA. 2002. Qualitative and quantitative land evaluations: a conceptual framework for agro-ecological land evaluation. 1.5. Land use and land cover. Encyclopedia of Life Support System (EOLSS-UNESCO). http://evenor-tech.com/microleis/microlei/manual2/pdfs/framework-eng.pdf.

De Sherbinin A. 2002. Thematic guides to land-use and land-cover change (LUCC). Palisades, NY, USA: Center for international earth science information network (CIESIN). Columbia University.

DoM (Department of Meteorology). 2018. Long-term climatic data, Amman, Jordan. http://jmd.gov.jo/en/Climate1.

El Baroudy A. 2016. Mapping and evaluating land suitability using a GIS-based model. Catena 140:96-104.

FAO. 2002. Guidelines for the qualitative assessment of land resources and degradation. AGL/MISC/33/2001. Rome: FAO. ftp://ftp.fao.org/agl/agll/docs/misc33.pdf.

Farhan Y, Nawaiseh S. 2015. Spatial assessment of soil erosion risk using RUSLE and GIS techniques. Environ Earth Sci. 74:4649-4669. DOI:10.1007/s12665-015-4430-7.

Fava F, Pulighe G, Monteiro A. 2016. Mapping changes in land cover composition and pattern for comparing Mediterranean rangeland restoration alternatives. Land Degrad Dev. 27(3):671-681. DOI:10.1002/ldr.2456.

Feizizadeh B, Blaschke T. 2013. Land suitability analysis for Tabriz County, Iran: a multi-criteria evaluation approach using GIS. Journal of Environmental Planning and Management 56(1):1-23.

Ferreira A, Leite L, de Araújo A, Eisenhauer N. 2016. Land-use type effects on soil organic carbon and microbial properties in a semi-arid region of Northeast Brazil. Land Degrad Dev 27(2):171-178. DOI:10.1002/ldr.2282.

Grandmont K, Cardillie J, Fortier D, Giberyen T. 2012. Assessing land suitability for residential development in permafrost regions a multi-criteria approach to land-use planning in Northern Quebec, Canada. Journal of Environmental Assessment Policy and Management 14(1):73-91. DOI:10.1142/S1464333212500032.

Hatten CJ. 1998. Improvement of agricultural productivity in arid and semi-arid zones of Jordan. Visit report of land resources specialist. School of Agriculture, Food and Environment. Cranfield University, UK.

Hegazy A, El-Nahry A, Abd-Elwahed M. 2012. Agricultural sustainability approach using remote sensing and GIS: Case study in South El-Hussinia, North-East of Egypt. Soil Science Annual 63(3):8-16.

Hishe S, Assen M. 2016. GIS based land suitability analysis for selected cereals in five peasant associations of Kilte_Awulaelo Woreda, Tigray, Northern Ethiopia. Res J Agr Env Sci. 3(1):1-15. http://www.rjaes.com/rjaesadmin/upload/Rjaes_56d40b8d36bc9.pdf.

IUCN. 2015. Land degradation neutrality: implications and opportunities for conservation. Technical Brief Second Edition 27/08/2015. Nairobi: IUCN. 19 p.

Jennings MD, Harris GM. 2017. Climate change and ecosystem composition across large landscapes. Landscape Ecology 32:195-207.

Jin G, Li Z, Lin Q, Shi C, Liu B, Yao L. 2015. Land use suitability assessment in low-slope hilly regions under the impact of urbanization in Yunnan, China. Advances in Meteorology. Article ID 848795, 9 p. http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2015/848795.

Khlaifat A, Abu Taleb H, Makhamreh Z, Qtiashat D. 2018. Analysis of the urban management practices and sustainable development in the local municipalities in Jordan: Case study - Salt City. Modern Applied Science 12(4):109-217.

Khresat AS, Rawajfih Z, Mohammad M. 1998. Land degradation in north-western Jordan: causes and processes. Journal of Arid Environments 39:623-629.

Li G, Messina J, Peter B, Snapp S. 2017. Mapping land suitability for agriculture in Malawi. Land Degrad Dev. 28(7):2001-2016.

Li X, Wang H, Wang J, Gao Z. 2015. Land degradation dynamic in the first decade of twenty-first century in the Beijing-Tianjin dust and sandstorm source region. Environ Earth Sci. 74:4317-4325. DOI:10.1007/s12665-015-4507-3.

Makhamreh Z. 1996. Optimal land use alternatives for arid to semi-arid areas in Jordan. M. Sc. Thesis. University of Jordan, Jordan.

Makhamreh Z. 2005. Optical remote sensing and geo-spatial analysis for assessing and monitoring of land degradation in the northern Jordan. PhD Thesis. Remote Sensing Department, University of Trier, Germany.

Makhamreh Z. 2014. Urbanization, Climate Change and the Environment. In: Korany B, editor. Arab Human Development in the Twenty-first Century: The Primacy of Empowerment. 1st ed. Cairo: The American University in Cairo press. 394 p.

Makhamreh Z. 2018. Derivation of vegetation density and land-use type pattern in mountain regions of Jordan using multi-seasonal SPOT images. Environmental Earth Sciences 77:384. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12665-018-7534-z.

Makhamreh Z, Almanasyeh N. 2011. Analyzing the state and pattern of urban growth and city planning in Amman using satellite images and GIS. European Journal of Social Sciences 2(24):252-264.

Mathijs E, Wauters E. 2004. Assessing the sustainability of farming systems: back to basics. In: Proceedings of the 78th Annual Conference of the Agricultural Economics Society; 2004 Apr 2-4; Imperial College, South Kensington, London, England.

Mazahreh S, Bsoul M, Ziadat F, Abu Hamoor D. 2018. Participatory land suitability analysis to identify the optimum land use for a Mountainous Watershed in Jordan. Journal of Engineering Research and Application 8(7, Part-II):41-55.

Mengistu D, Bewket, W, Lal R. 2016. Conservation effects on soil quality and climate change adaptability of Ethiopian Watersheds. Land Degrad Dev. 27(6):1603-1621. DOI:10.1002/ldr.2376.

MoA (Ministry of Agriculture). 1995. The soils of Jordan. Report of the national soil map and land use project. Level One, Level Two, Level Three and JOSCIS Manual. Amman, Jordan: Ministry of Agriculture, Huntings Technical Services Ltd. and European Commission.

MoA (Ministry of Agriculture). 2018. Annual report: Forest in Jordan. Amman, Jordan: Department of Afforestation and Forestry.

Mohawesh Y, Taimeh A, Ziadat F. 2015. Effects of land use changes and soil conservation intervention on soil properties as indicators for land degradation under a Mediterranean climate. Solid Earth 6:857-868. DOI:10.5194/se-6-857-2015.

Muhawish Y. 2010. Assessment of land degradation within wadi Ziqlab Catchment. PhD Thesis. The University of Jordan, Amman, Jordan.

Mukai S. 2016. Gully erosion rates and analysis of determining factors: A case study from the semi-arid main Ethiopian Rift Valley. Land Degrad Dev. DOI:10.1002/ldr.2532.

Nwer B, Zurqani H, Jadour K. 2013. Soil productivity rating index model using Geographic Information System in Libya. In: Proceedings of the Annual International Conference 7th Edition of Geotunis; 2013 Apr 4-12; Southern Hammamet, Tunis.

Padilla R, Crisologo E, Romarate R, Vedra S. 2015. Analysis of vegetation degradation using GIS and remote sensing at Lake Mainit watershed, Mindanao, Philippines. Bioflux 7(3):409-414.

Potter R, Darmame K, Barham N, Nortcliff S. 2009. Ever-growing Amman, Jordan: Urban expansion, social polarisation and contemporary urban planning issues. Habitat International 33:81-92.

Qtiashat D, Makhmreh Z, Abu Taleb H, Khlaifat A. 2018. Urban land use pattern and road network characteristics using GIS in Al Salt City, Jordan. Modern Applied Science 12(4):128-142.

Rashid M, Lone M, Romshoo S. 2011. Geospatial tools for assessing land degradation in Budgam district, Kashmir Himalaya, India. J Earth Syst Sci. 120(3):423-433.

Sadeghi S, Hazbavim Z, Cerdà A. 2017. Watershed health assessment to monitor land degradation. In: Geophysical Research Abstracts of the European Geosciences Union General Assembly; 2017 Apr 23-28; Vienna, Austria.

Salvati L, Karamesouti M, Kosmas K. 2014. Soil degradation in environmentally sensitive areas driven by urbanization: an example from Southeast Europe. Soil Use and Management 30:382-393. DOI:10.1111/sum.12133.

Sánchez-Marañón M, Soriano M, Delgado G, Delgado R. 2002. Soil quality in Mediterranean mountain environments: effects of land use change. Soil Sci Soc Am J. 66:948-958.

Sarath M, Saran SK, Ramana K. 2018. Site suitability analysis for industries using GIS and multi criteria decision making. In: ISPRS Annals of the Photogrammetry, Remote Sensing and Spatial Information Sciences. Volume IV-5, ISPRS TC V. Mid-term Symposium Geospatial Technology–Pixel to People; 2018 Nov 20-23; Dehradun, India.

Schmidt M, Lucke B, Baumler R, Al-Saad Z, Al-Qudah Q, Hutcheon A. 2006. The Decapolis region (Northern Jordan) as historical example of desertification? Evidence from soil development and distribution. Quaternary International 151:74-86.

Shah M, Khan N, Khan M. 2014. Land suitability analysis for sustainable agricultural land use planning in Bulandshahr district of Uttar Pradesh: International Journal of Scientific and Research Publications 4(3). http://www.ijsrp.org/research-paper-0314/ijsrp-p2733.pdf.

Sonter LJ, Johnson JA, Nicholson CC, Richardson LL, Ricketts TH, Watson KB. 2017. Multi-site interactions: Understanding the offsite impacts of land use change on the use and supply of ecosystem services. Ecosystem Services 23:158-164.

Taimeh A. 1999. Climatic and agroecology desertification in Jordan. In: Proceedings of the 6th International Conference on the Development of Drylands; 199 Aug 22-27; Cairo, Egypt.

Tillawi A. 1989. Forest of Jordan. 1st ed. Amman, Jordan: Dar Al Basheer.

Tóth G, Hermann T. 2018. Monitoring soil for sustainable development and land degradation neutrality. Environ Monit Assess. 190:57. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10661-017-6415-3.

Turner BL, Kasperson RE, Matson PA, MaCarthy JJ, Corell RW, Christensen L, Eckley N, Kasperson JX, Luers A, Martello ML, Polsky C, Pulsipher A, Schiller A. 2003. A framework for vulnerability analysis in sustainable science. PNAS 100:8074-8079.

Van Lanen HAJ, Hack-Ten Broeke MJD, Bouma J, De Groot WJM. 1992. A mixed qualitative/quantitative physical land evaluation methodology. Geoderma 55:37-53.

Wang XL, Su CJ, Peng L. 2014. Ecological suitability assessment and introduction experiment on Rosa damascena trigintipetala in Sichuan Province, China. Journal of Mountain Science 11(3):805-815. DOI:10.1007/s11629-013-2802-6.

Yalew SG, Van Griensvenm A, Van der Zaag P. 2016. A web-based GIS-MCDA framework for agricultural land suitability assessment. Computers and Electronics in Agriculture 128:1-8.

Yang X, Zhi L. 2005. Using satellite imagery and GIS for land-use and land-cover change mapping in an estuarine watershed. International Journal of Remote Sensing 26:5275-5296.

Ziadat F, Al-Bakri J. 2006. Comparing existing and potential land use for sustainable land utilization. Jordan Journal of Agricultural Sciences 2(4):372-386.

Zolekar R, ShivajiBhagat V. 2015. Multi-criteria land suitability analysis for agriculture in hilly zone: remote sensing and GIS approach. Computers and Electronics in Agriculture 118:300-321.





With the patronage of
Universia
Avda. de Cantabria, s/n - 28660, Boadilla del Monte
Madrid, España